The Japanese threat

As for the Japanese danger, it was the result of Japan’s acquisition, after the First World War, of Micronesia, previously German. In the middle of this immense Micronesia, was located the base of Guam, American since the conflict of 1898 between the United States and Spain. Between Guam and the Philippines, also American, the Japanese had built the naval base of Palau, close to the British outposts of New Guinea and the center of the Guam-Darwin triangle (in Australia) -Singapore. Since Japan wanted to create a vast area of ??Asian co-prosperity, with the potential to encompass Indonesia and its oil fields that could feed the nascent Japanese industry, the British were rightly fearing a “yellow menace” on Australia and the conquest of the eastern facade of the Indian Ocean, less firmly guarded than the Afro-Arab facade.

But the threat to the British imperial equilibrium did not come only from Japanese or Italian actions, but also and especially from the national liberation movements that were organized in the Arab countries (and especially in Egypt) and in the countries of the world. ‘South East Asia. The English knew very well that the Germans (very popular with Arabs and Indians), Italians and Japanese would not have hesitated to actively support the revolts “anti-imperialist” even to use them as “Trojan horses “. And indeed, during the Second World War, Japanese and German recruited Indian legions or supported revolts like that of Iraqi officers in 1941.